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"Guest-host crosstalk in an angiogenin-RNase A chimeric protein."

Holloway DE, Shapiro R, Hares MC, Leonidas DD, Acharya KR



Published 2002-08-20 in Biochemistry volume 41 .

Pubmed ID: 12173935

Angiogenin and ribonuclease A share 33% sequence identity but have distinct functions. Angiogenin is a potent inducer of angiogenesis that is only weakly ribonucleolytic, whereas ribonuclease A is a robust ribonuclease that is not angiogenic. A chimera ("ARH-I"), in which angiogenin residues 58-70 are replaced with residues 59-73 of ribonuclease A, has intermediate ribonucleolytic potency and no angiogenic activity. Here we report a crystal structure of ARH-I that reveals the molecular basis for these characteristics. The ribonuclease A-derived (guest) segment adopts a structure largely similar to that in ribonuclease A, and successfully converts this region from a cell-binding site to a purine-binding site. At the same time, its presence causes complex changes in the angiogenin-derived (host) portion that account for much of the increased ribonuclease activity of ARH-I. Guest-host interactions of this type probably occur more generally in protein chimeras, emphasizing the importance of direct structural information for understanding the functional behavior of such molecules.


This publication refers to the following RNApathwaysDB entries:

PdbStructure

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