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Exosome complex component CSL4

Known abbreviations: EXOSC1, CSL4, CGI-108


Non-catalytic component of the RNA exosome complex which has 3'->5' exoribonuclease activity and participates in a multitude of cellular RNA processing and degradation events. In the nucleus, the RNA exosome complex is involved in proper maturation of stable RNA species such as rRNA, snRNA and snoRNA, in the elimination of RNA processing by-products and non-coding 'pervasive' transcripts, such as antisense RNA species and promoter-upstream transcripts (PROMPTs), and of mRNAs with processing defects, thereby limiting or excluding their export to the cytoplasm. The RNA exosome may be involved in Ig class switch recombination (CSR) and/or Ig variable region somatic hypermutation (SHM) by targeting AICDA deamination activity to transcribed dsDNA substrates. In the cytoplasm, the RNA exosome complex is involved in general mRNA turnover and specifically degrades inherently unstable mRNAs containing AU-rich elements (AREs) within their 3' untranslated regions, and in RNA surveillance pathways, preventing translation of aberrant mRNAs. It seems to be involved in degradation of histone mRNA. The catalytic inactive RNA exosome core complex of 9 subunits (Exo-9) is proposed to play a pivotal role in the binding and presentation of RNA for ribonucleolysis, and to serve as a scaffold for the association with catalytic subunits and accessory proteins or complexes. EXOSC1 as peripheral part of the Exo-9 complex stabilizes the hexameric ring of RNase PH-domain subunits through contacts with EXOSC6 and EXOSC8.


Component of the RNA exosome complex. Specifically part of the catalytically inactive RNA exosome core (Exo-9) complex which is believed to associate with catalytic subunits EXOSC10, and DIS3 or DIS3L in cytoplasmic- and nuclear-specific RNA exosome complex forms. Exo-9 is formed by a hexameric ring of RNase PH domain-containing subunits specifically containing the heterodimers EXOSC4-EXOSC9, EXOSC5-EXOSC8 and EXOSC6-EXOSC7, and peripheral S1 domain-containing components EXOSC1, EXOSC2 and EXOSC3 located on the top of the ring structure. Interacts with EXOSC5, EXOSC7 and EXOSC10.


Nucleus › nucleolus. Nucleus (Probable). Cytoplasm (Probable).

This protein can be a part of a given complexes:
NCBI GI number(s): 88853576
Species: Homo sapiens

Links to other databases:

Database ID Link
Uniprot Q9Y3B2 Q9Y3B2
KEGG hsa:51013 hsa:51013
PFAM: - Q9Y3B2 (Link - using uniprot id)
InterPro: - Q9Y3B2 (Link - using uniprot id)
CATH: - -
SCOP: - -
Solved crystal structures: 2NN6
[PDB] [details]

Protein sequence:

Exosome complex component CSL4 (Homo sapiens) is product of expression of EXOSC1 exosome component 1 gene.


Title Authors Journal Publication date (Issue) PubMed ID
Protein-protein interactions between human exosome components support the assembly of RNase PH-type subunits into a six-membered PNPase-like ring. Raijmakers R, Egberts WV, van Venrooij WJ, Pruijn GJ J Mol Biol 2002-11-01 (323) 12419256
Protein-protein interactions of hCsl4p with other human exosome subunits. Raijmakers R, Noordman YE, van Venrooij WJ, Pruijn GJ J Mol Biol 2002-02-25 (315) 11812149
A protein interaction framework for human mRNA degradation. Lehner B, Sanderson CM Genome Res 2004-07-01 (14) 15231747
Reconstitution, activities, and structure of the eukaryotic RNA exosome. Liu Q, Greimann JC, Lima CD Cell 2006-12-15 (127) 17174896
The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, K Genome Res 2004-10-01 (14) 15489334
Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K Nat Genet 2004-02-01 (36) 14702039
AU binding proteins recruit the exosome to degrade ARE-containing mRNAs. Chen CY, Gherzi R, Ong SE, Chan EL, Raijmakers R, Pruijn GJ, Stoecklin G, Moroni C, Mann M, Karin M Cell 2001-11-16 (107) 11719186
Initial characterization of the human central proteome. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J BMC Syst Biol 2011-01-01 (5) 21269460
Identification of novel human genes evolutionarily conserved in Caenorhabditis elegans by comparative proteomics. Lai CH, Chou CY, Ch'ang LY, Liu CS, Lin W Genome Res 2000-05-01 (10) 10810093
A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation. Dephoure N, Zhou C, Villen J, Beausoleil SA, Bakalarski CE, Elledge SJ, Gygi SP Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2008-08-05 (105) 18669648
Kinase-selective enrichment enables quantitative phosphoproteomics of the kinome across the cell cycle. Daub H, Olsen JV, Bairlein M, Gnad F, Oppermann FS, Korner R, Greff Z, Keri G, Stemmann O, Mann M Mol Cell 2008-08-08 (31) 18691976
The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10. Deloukas P, Earthrowl ME, Grafham DV, Rubenfield M, French L, Steward CA, Sims SK, Jones MC, Searle S, Scott C Nature 2004-05-27 (429) 15164054
Dis3-like 1: a novel exoribonuclease associated with the human exosome. Staals RH, Bronkhorst AW, Schilders G, Slomovic S, Schuster G, Heck AJ, Raijmakers R, Pruijn GJ EMBO J 2010-07-21 (29) 20531389
DDX60, a DEXD/H box helicase, is a novel antiviral factor promoting RIG-I-like receptor-mediated signaling. Miyashita M, Oshiumi H, Matsumoto M, Seya T Mol Cell Biol 2011-09-01 (31) 21791617

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Last modification of this entry: Sept. 25, 2012.

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